the West direction resisted each other German group of armies "Centre" and
Soviet forces of Western Front with 11th Army of Northwestern Front. For
German command this direction was main in operation "Barbarossa",
and consequently the group of armies "Centre" was strongest group on all front. 40 % all German
divisions, unwrapped from the Barents sea up to the Black sea (including 50 %
motorize and 52,9 % tank) here was concentrated. In offensive line of group of armies "Centre" in immediate proximity from
border was only 15 Soviet divisions, and 14 settled down in 50-100 kms from it.
Other Soviet forces have begun, in middle of June concentration to border, and by June 22 in movement there were forces: 2nd (100th, 161st RD), 47th (55th, 121st, 143th RD), 44th (64th, 108th RD) and 21st (17th, 37th, 50th rd) Rifle Corps. Besides the forces of 22nd Army from Ural military distric were focused to territory of Polotsk, from which structure to June 22, 72016 men, 1241 guns and mortars and 692 tanks have arrived on a place.
|Western Front and 11th Army||Group of army "Centre"||Ratio|
|Guns and mortars||16151||15161||1:1|
line of border curved by an arch in Warsaw direction, created for German
armies especially favorable conditions. Before them the wide tasks were put. By
impacts of strong groupings of the both wings this group of armies should break
the Soviet forces in Byelorussia, leave by mobile connections to the south and to the
north of Minsks and as soon as possible grasp by them of Smolensk. After
achievement of this purpose the large mobile connections owed in interaction
with group of armies "North" destroy Soviet forces conducting
fights in Pribaltic and in area of Leningrad.
The group of
armies "Centre" disposed on
wings one field army, each was cooperated with one tank group. In area
to the west and to the northwest of Brests were unwrapped 4th Field Army and
2nd Panzer Group. The Panzer Group at support of 4th Army
should break through a defense of the Soviet by both sides of Brest and
fast progress on Slutsk and Minsk in interaction with 3rd Panzer Group, offensive
on Minsk from the northwest, to create the precondition
for an encirclement and destruction Soviet forces who are taking
place between Belostok and Minsk. After that both tank groups should
grasp area of Smolensk.
that 4th German Army after break on both sides of Brest will come behind 2nd
Panzer Group in a direction on Minsk, that, using offensive of both tank groups, in
interaction with 9th Army destroy the Soviet forces in area between Belostok and Minsk. On this site the
|4th Soviet Army||Parts of 4th Army and 2nd Panzer Group||Ratio|
|Guns and mortars||1657||5953||1:6,5|
similar task was put on the left wing of group of armies
"Centre" on 9th Army and 3rd Panzer Group. These forces located in
"Belostok" ledge, by impacts from Suvalok and Brest on
Minsk rendered the main impact.
|parts of 11th Soviet Army||3th Panzer Group||Ratio|
|Guns and mortars||646||3060||1:4,7|
Both these formations should break
through the Soviet front in a direction on Grodno and then form northern half
of pincers for an encirclement of Soviet troops between Belostok and Minsk.
The subsequent task of 3rd Panzer Group was capture Vitebsk, 9th Army — Polotsk
at headwaters of West Dvina river.
The offensive of group of armies began rather good. The Soviet forces were overtaken unawares and are perfectly stunned. On the south flank all ferries through Bug river have remained not destroy and have got in Germans hand.
Tank groups after successful breaks of a frontier defense are unceasing advanced
on the east. June 24, 2nd Panzer Group has reached Slonim area, 3rd Panzer Group - Vilnius area. Them followed
4th and 9th German Armies. The
Soviet forces wich are taking place in Belostok area, tried to retreat on the east and
escape from the gradually formed encirclement. The coming tank groups at support of
air forces nevertheless managed
to detain a withdrawal Soviet troops so long as June 29 on the
east of Belostok area did not establish connection between 4th
and 9th Armies. Russian during two days undertook desperate attempts to break
on the east and on the southeast and break off a narrowed ring of an
Then their forces have run low. The encirclement was completed, and July 1 the
fights in this area have stopped.
this tank groups advanced further on the east again to carry out an encirclement
of those Russian forces, which withdrawel on the east and have avoided the "boiler"
in Belostok area. 2nd Panzer Group of June 27 has reached the south suburb of
Minsk and has met there 3rd Panzer Group, which else on the eve, having advanced
through Vilnius, has reached the north suburb of city.