fights on the Southwest direction.
On the main impact direction of group of armies where 5th Army resisted to 6th German Army and 1st Panzer Group, Russians managed to achieve best for itself a ratio of forces.
|5th Soviet Army||6th German Army and 1st Panzer Group||Ratio|
|Guns and mortars||2215||4035||1:1,8|
Panzer Group has crossed the Soviet border on June 22, 1941. The conditions of
district Galitsiya and Western Ukraine, on which
it came, were far from ideal for operations of tank forces. The boundary fights were fastened.
On the Lutsk direction
On the Lvov direction 22 June-30 June
To the begin off offensive on June 23, as that was required by Soviet High Command, was not possible. Only
June 24 some of motorize and rifle corps of Southwestern Front take the offensive. However they managed only to slow down
progress by not route German troops.
That circumstance has had an effect also, that Zhukov and Kirponose incorrectly have defined a direction of
the main German impact. Command of 5th Army believed, that the main German impact puts from Vladimir-Volynsk on Lutsk,
and auxiliary from Brests on Kovel with the purpose of an encirclement of 5th Soviet
Army. Zhukov has agreed with him of front has directed to area
Vladimir-Volynsk-Lutsk. Actually German group of armies the main impact was to the south Lutsk in Sokal-Dubno direction.
Other Soviet counterattack direction, from Lvov on Rava-Russian, on the contrary, appeared to the south
of the main German grouping and too beat by the purpose. As well the distribution of German tanks on directions was determined incorrectly. Actually,
more powerful tank grouping was concentrated to the south, instead of to the north from Ustiluga.
In result the first impacts of the Soviet tanks came almost in an empty place
and have not justified those large losses, that have incurred motorize corps.
1st Panzer Group could not came, as it was expected, on more operatively open space. The Soviet forces have incurred heavy losses, but have left from encirclement and organized have removed troops behind the rivers Sluch, West Bug and Dnestr in area of Mogilyov and to the south.